Urbanization, Housing And Natural Disasters
The principles of our urbanization policy are contributing to local development, raising the life quality of citizens, preserving of water resources and environment, building habitable cities with modern infrastructure, making habitation and urbanization sensitive to natural disasters, preserving and keeping natural, historical and cultural assets alive and creating an urban culture.
Providing education, health, social services, culture, transportation and urban infrastructure services in the cities in a fast, reliable, timely, cheap and accessible manner for all will be fundamental.
A regular urban infrastructure will be built after the upper-scale plans have been completed and the confusion will be overcome in selecting locations for housing, industry, agriculture and for similar purposes.
In addition to the technologically equipped housing, there will be areas for industry and technology as well as financial and trade centres with necessary infrastructure in order to build liveable cities. There will be a balance between the urbanization rate and land supply to stop the urban conglomeration and uneven urbanization due to industrialization and immigration.
The zoning authorities will not be used to allow unearned income in cities, and public resources will be protected against bribery.
An urban information system will be established and urban plans will be made for the geographical, physical and human structure of the cities as well as transportation, communication and other service needs, and sensitivity for natural disasters will be created.
An urbanization culture will be established within the framework of the fundamental values of our national culture in order to prevent cultural corruption in cities.
We believe that it is a necessity of human rights for everyone to be able to find a house where they can live in a humane manner.
Using suitable methods and financing models in order to have citizens with low or stable income have a real estate; the state’s building low cost housing for the poor and helpless; meeting the need for housing alongside executing urban transformation projects in order to raise the quality of current housing stock; supplying adequate and cheap land; creating incentives for the private sector and having an efficient auditing system are the fundamentals of our housing policy.
In addition to leaving a healthy environment and urban infrastructure to future generations, the main objective of the urban plans is to build settlements which are appropriate for the cultural and natural infrastructure and compatible with a liveable environment. Slum areas will be reformed and integrated into the city centres from social and economic aspects.
The housing will be constructed in areas for which the geographical and geological survey has been completed and which are safe against natural disasters such as flood, landslide and other disasters, particularly earthquakes, and accordingly, urban transformation projects in current settlements will be implemented.
Necessary technology and use of standard materials with earthquake-resistance will be ensured in the production of all housing and buildings; healthy, quality and affordable housing will be paid attention; there will be efficient control from ground studies to habitation license.
The damages of natural disasters will be minimized by being prepared in all legal, physical and human areas before being exposed to disaster.